Retrieved July 6, 2020. ^ "PH defends purchase of arms from China, Russia". The Manila Times. Archived from the original on August 5, 2019. Retrieved July 6, 2020. ^ United States of America Congressional Record, Proceedings and Debates of the 113th Congress Second Session Volume 160 – Part 4. p. 4711. Retrieved July 26, 2020. ^ Sanders, Vivienne (2015). Access to History: The Cold War in Asia 1945–93 for OCR Second Edition. Hodder Education. ISBN 978-1-4718-3880-4. Retrieved July 26, 2020. ^ Garamone, Jim (May 19, 2003).
Retrieved July 10, 2009. ^ Balana, Cynthia (May 26, 2009). "RP nears observer status in OIC – DFA". The Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved July 10, 2009. ^ "Background Note: Philippines". Department of State. Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. October 2009.
 The United States began the process of changing the reference to the country from The Philippine Islands to The Philippines, specifically when it was mentioned in the Philippine Autonomy Act or the Jones Law.  The full official title, Republic of the Philippines, was included in the 1935 constitution as the name of the future independent state,  it is also mentioned in all succeeding constitutional revisions.  History Prehistory (pre–900) There is evidence of early hominins living in what is now the Philippines as early as 709, 000 years ago.
"Philippines to Become Major non-NATO Ally, Bush Says". American Forces Press Service. Archived from the original on August 9, 2020. Retrieved August 7, 2020. ^ "Philippine President Duterte announces separation from U. " USA TODAY. October 20, 2016. Retrieved July 6, 2020. ^ "Philippines free to enter into arms purchase with Russia, Roque says".
Philippines - Wikipedia
 Other elements of the Filipino value system are optimism about the future, pessimism about present situations and events, concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, and abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery.  Architecture Colonial houses in Vigan. Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayor, but many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II.  Four Philippine baroque churches are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the San Agustín Church in Manila, Paoay Church in Ilocos Norte, Nuestra Señora de la Asunción (Santa María) Church in Ilocos Sur, and Santo Tomás de Villanueva Church in Iloilo.
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Limestone was used as a building material, with houses being built to withstand typhoons.  Music and dance Cariñosa, a Hispanic era dance for traditional Filipino courtship. In general, there are two types of Philippine folk dance, stemming from traditional tribal influences and from Spanish influence. Spanish-influenced music are mostly bandurria-based bands that us 14th string guitars. One example of such type is the Cariñosa.
77. Retrieved February 28, 2008. ^ Kingsbury, Damien (September 13, 2016). Politics in Contemporary Southeast Asia: Authority, Democracy and Political Change. p. 132. ISBN 978-1-317-49628-1. Retrieved August 27, 2020. ^ Timberman, David G. pp. xii, xiii. Retrieved August 27, 2020. ^ Tan, Andrew T. (January 2009). A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 405. ISBN 978-1-84720-718-0. Retrieved September 2, 2020. ^ "The Communist Insurgency in the Philippines: Tactics and Talks" (PDF). Refworld. Asia Report N°202.
Such performances became popular throughout the country: 69–70 and were written in a number of local languages.  American influence led to the introduction of vaudeville and ballet. : 69–70 During the 20th century the realism genre became more dominant, with performances written to focus on contemporary political and societal issues.  Literature Philippine literature comprises works usually written in Filipino, Spanish, or English. Some of the most known were created from the 17th to 19th century.  Ibong Adarna, for example, is a famous epic about an eponymous magical bird allegedly written by José de la Cruz or "Huseng Sisiw".  Francisco Balagtas, the poet and playwright who wrote Florante at Laura, is recognized as a preeminent writer in the Tagalog language.
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 Moving pictures were first shown in the Philippines on January 1, 1897.  Films were all in Spanish since Philippine cinema was first introduced during the final years of the Spanish era of the country. Antonio Ramos was the first known movie producer.  Jose Nepomuceno was dubbed as the "Father of Philippine Movies".  His work marked the start of the local production of movies. Production companies remained small during the era of silent film, but 1933 saw the emergence of sound films and the arrival of the first significant production company. The postwar 1940s and the 1950s are regarded as a high point for Philippine cinema.  The growing dominance of Hollywood films and the cost of production has severely reduced local filmmaking.
29% of self-identified Catholics consider themselves very religious.  An independent Catholic church, the Philippine Independent Church, has around 756, 225 adherents.  Protestants were 9. 13% of the population in 2015.  2. 64% of the population are members of Iglesia ni Cristo.  The combined following of the Philippine Council of Evangelical Churches comes to 2. 42% of the total population.  Islam is the second largest religion. The Muslim population of the Philippines was reported as 6.
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